Coronaviruses are types of viruses that are separate from one another but generally similar. They are known for containing strains that cause possible dangerous infections in mammals and birds. In people they are ordinarily transferred through airborne beads of liquid created by contaminated patients.
There are four known types in the family of viruses, called Alphacoronavirus, Betacoronavirus, Gammacoronavirus, and Deltacoronovirus. The former two affect mammals, for example bats, cats, pigs and humans. Gammacoronavirus affects birds and Deltacoronavirus can affect both mammals and birds.
The current situation follows the severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (SARS-CoV) outbreak in 2002 and first detection of Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in 2012.
More than 14,000 individuals have been tainted by the modern coronavirus, which proceeds to spread to more nations after being discovered in the Chinese city of Wuhan in December, 2019. Wuhan is a major transportation hub within China, linked to Beijing, Shanghai and other major cities by high-speed railways and domestic airlines. In October and November of last year, close to two million people flew from Wuhan to other places within China. Which means Coronavirus has gone places.
At the slightest 304 individuals have passed away in China, and one has died within the Philippines. 14000 people have been affected in total. The world is scared of the virus that seems like common flu but has ended up taking so many lives.
What are the symptoms of Coronavirus?
The symptoms of Coronavirus are not felt or seen until 14 days. An infected person will find out two weeks later that he has symptoms going on his/her body, that are mostly flu-like.
This would have major implications for containment measures, according to Gerard Krause, head of the Department for Epidemiology at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection.
“It’s unusual for respiratory diseases transmissible even before the first symptoms have occurred,” he told Al Jazeera.
“But the consequences is that if it happens then they have no public health means sort out or to identify people at risk of transmitting, because they don’t even know that they’re ill yet”.
The symptoms of Coronavirus depend on the type of it and how far off the infection has gone. If you have light upper-respiratory infection such as the flu, your symptoms will be the following:
- Runny nose
- Sore Throat
- Not feeling well overall
Some coronaviruses can cause complicated symptoms. The infection will eventually become bronchitis and pneumonia, which can cause problems such as:
- Fever which is very high
- Cough with mucus
- Shallow breathing
- Pain in your chest
Severe infections happen to the people who are already suffering from weak immunity.
How do you find out if you have Coronavirus?
To make sure if it is Coronavirus, you will have your doctor take your medical history and you will have to describe how you are feeling. Further on, a physical exam will be done. Your blood tests may be done. Lab tests of sputum, a sample from a throat swab, or other respiratory specimens will be done for confirmation of results.
Can Coronavirus infections be prevented?
Human to human transmission has been confirmed by China’s national health commission. There are no vaccines available as of now for the virus, however there are certain precautions one can take. Here are the following.
- Washing hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
- Avoiding touching your face, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands
- Avoiding close contact with people who are sick
- Cleaning and disinfecting surfaces that are commonly touched
- Covering coughs and sneezes with a tissue. Then throw away the tissue and wash your hands.
- Do not go out when sick
- Wear a mask and encourage your loved ones to do so as well
Which other countries are facing the epidemic?
The virus is appearing to be thriving outside mainland China, in Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and in Japan, Nepal, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, the US, and Vietnam.
Until you have visited China in recent times or have near someone who is infected with Coronavirus, then you should not be worried,
A major comparison is that unlike flu, there is no vaccine for Coronavirus, which means it is riskier for the weaker members of the world – old people or those with existing breathing issues – to keep themselves safe.
When will Coronavirus have a vaccine?
Even with the progress and breakthroughs in medical research, it is not possible that a vaccine could be created for mass distribution anytime soon. It will take a year at the least. There is no anti-viral treatment that can give a person relief from the virus therefore people who have caught it and are suffering acutely, they should be monitored carefully in the ICU.
On Tuesday, the CDC announced that it would expand its surveillance of travelers. Enhanced screening will take place at 20 airports, up from the five airports that are now doing enhanced screening.
The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also took steps to limit travel to China, asking people to reconsider any trips there and not go at all unless it was absolutely necessary.
Make sure you are keeping others safe if you feel you are carrying the virus. Make sure you and others are safe if someone you know is carrying the virus.